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RSA encryption is a widely used asymmetric encryption algorithm named after its inventors, Ron Rivest, Adi Shamir, and Leonard Adleman. It involves a pair of related keys: a public key for encryption and a private key for decryption. RSA's security is based on the difficulty of factoring large semiprime numbers. This algorithm enables secure data transmission and digital signatures, safeguarding sensitive information in Web3 applications. RSA encryption is instrumental in securing online communication, authenticating digital identities, and enabling secure interactions with decentralized systems, ensuring confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity.